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Śr oršasafninu Cedefop, oršaskrį um evrópska menntastefnu    
[enska] qualification
[skilgr.] The term qualification covers different aspects:
(a) formal qualification: the formal outcome (certificate, diploma or title) of an assessment and validation process which is obtained when a competent body determines that an individual has achieved learning outcomes to given standards and/or possesses the necessary competence to do a job in a specific area of work. A qualification confers official recognition of the value of learning outcomes in the labour market and in education and training. A qualification can be a legal entitlement to practice a trade (OECD);
(b) job requirements: the knowledge, aptitudes and skills required to perform the specific tasks attached to a particular work position (ILO).
[ķslenska] hęfi
[skilgr.] Hęfi vķsar annars vegar til:
(a) formlegs hęfis, sem er formleg nišurstaša (skķrteini, nįmstitill) mats og stašfestingar sem fęst meš žvķ aš višeigandi ašili segir fyrir um aš einstaklingur hafi öšlast fullnęgjandi lęrdóm og/eša hafi til aš bera naušsynlega fęrni til aš vinna verk į įkvešnu sviši. Hęfi veitir opinbera višurkenningu į gildi lęrdóms ķ atvinnulķfinu og varšandi menntun. Hęfi getur veitt lögbundin réttindi til aš stunda įkvešna atvinnugrein (OECD); og hins vegar
(b) starfskrafna, sem eru sś žekking og leikni sem krafist er til aš leysa af hendi žau verk sem felast ķ įkvešnu starfi (ILO).
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